GAIL (India) Ltd was integrated as a Central Public Sector Undertaking (PSU) under the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas (MoP&NG) in August of 1984. In the beginning, it was the duty of the company to construct, operate and maintain the Hazira - Vijaypur – Jagdishpur (HVJ) pipeline project which was one of the longest inter-country pipeline projects of the world.
The pipeline project was 1800 km long, and it was done by an investment of 1700 Crores. GAIL is now the largest state-owned natural gas processing and distribution company of India which has its head office in Delhi.
It does have businesses in various sectors like natural gas, liquid hydrocarbon, liquefied petroleum, gas transmission, petrochemical, city gas distribution, exploration and production, GAILTEL and electricity generation. GAIL was awarded the Maharatna status and also achieved 131st position in the list of India’s most trusted brands, as stated in the Brand Trust Report 2014.
About Company Information:
GAIL (India) Ltd was founded on 16th August 1984, and its name was Gas Authority of India Ltd. The company started constructing the pipeline in 1986 and completed the work in 1988. GAIL built the first LPG plant in Vijaypur in 1991. They accomplished their second LPG plant in Vijaypur in 1992. And, in 1993, they built their third LPG plant at Vaghdia.
In the year 1995, the Government sold 28.5 million equity shares to domestic and qualified foreign investors. In May 1995, they formed Mahanagar Gas Ltd as a joint project with British Gas and the Government of Maharashtra. In May 1995, they founded Mahanagar Gas Ltd as a joint project with British Gas and the Government of Maharashtra.
The company established its LPG plants at Usar and Lakwa in 1998. The company made an understanding with ONGC to buy natural gas from existing producing sightings in October 1999. In the year 2000, they built some additional LPG plants at Pata. The company invested in Gujarat State Energy Generation Ltd in June 2001 and possessed 12.85% of their equity share. The name of the company was changed from Gas Authority of India Ltd to GAIL (India) Ltd on 22nd November 2002.
They ended the task of making LPG pipeline from Vizag to Secunderabad on June 2003. The company founded an owned subordinate company named GAIL Global Singapore Pte Ltd during 2004-2005. They endorsed a subordinate, namely Brahmaputra Craker and Polymer Ltd at Lepetkata, Assam during 2006-2007 to make a production of 280,000 MT petrochemicals per annum. On 27th May 2008, GAIL integrated a fully possessed subordinate GAIL Gas Ltd to execute the City Gas Distribution Projects. During 2009-2010, they ended up the construction of the 700km long pipeline in total. GAIL signed a joint project with Karnataka State Industrial and Infrastructure Development Corporation Ltd (KSIIDC) in June 2011 to take up many a business related to natural gas.
In 2012, the company’s subsidiary GAIL Gas signed an agreement to set up an Rs. Five thousand crores liquefied natural gas (LNG) import facility around Kakinada or Vishakapatnam in Andhra Pradesh. GAIL Gas, the subordinate of the company, agreed to construct an Rs. Five thousand crores import facility of Liquefied natural gas at Kakinada and Visakhapatnam in the year of 2012.
The State government of Gujarat approved GAIL- Vadodara Municipal Corporation joint project for pipeline connection in Vadodara in 2013. They made sure the Gas supply in the US for exporting 2.3 MMTPA LNG to India in the year of 2014. Indian Oil Corporation and GAIL (India) signed MoU with Dharma LNG Terminal Pvt. Ltd on 13th May 2015. The cornerstone of GAIL (India)s City Gas Distribution project in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh was inaugurated on 24th October 2016.
The company declared that it had sanctioned the second-largest solar PV power plant of India at Pata, Uttar Pradesh on 30th December 2017. It is the target to use the electricity for the gas-based petrochemicals plant.
How GAIL (India) Ltd, categorised under the Petroleum Sector and Oil Drilling and Exploration Industry:
The Petroleum Sector has provided profoundly to the manufacturing business in the nation through foreign trade in petroleum products. Accelerated globalization, fast-changing technology, has brought notable changes and tremendous opportunities for petroleum companies in India to prosper and extend their operation to global markets.
The breakneck economic growth of India and the several developmental activities taking place offers India with numerous opportunities in the future to be a commanding player globally in the trading of petroleum products.
GAIL (India) Ltd is categorised under the Petroleum Sector and Oil Drilling and Exploration Industry. Oil drilling and exploration industry include all the industrial plants that refine crude oil into petroleum products such as gasoline, diesel, gasoline and heating oils. Oil refineries typically serve as the second stage in the production process following the actual extraction of crude oil by rigs.
GAIL (India) Ltd, Competitors and Sector Peers:
Gujarat State Petronet Ltd.GUJAR2
Indraprastha Gas Ltd.INDGAS